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rt aims to better regulate procedures for review of death sentences and the execution.
Under the guideline, courts should inform those on death row that they have the right to tho上海千花坊
se meetings, and they must tell the defendants if the people that the inmates wish to see refuse the meeting.
If someone applies to meet with his or her child under the age of 18, courts should first
上海千花坊品茶微信ask for approval from the child’s guardian. A video meeting will be arranged if courts, after a review, believe
a face-to-face meeting would affect the children’s physical or mental health, it said.
The last words of convicts facing the death penalty can be recorded by audio or video, it said.上海千花坊
Ruan Chuansheng, a law professor at the Shanghai Administration Institute, said such a guideline will unify different pra
上海千花坊品茶微信ctices in the implementation of executions carried out by courts nationwide.
“We’ve had basic principles to carry out executions, such as informing of the right to meetings of convicts facing the death上海千花坊
penalty, but what courts should do for the meeting and how to arrange the meeting are not specified,” he said.
上海千花坊品茶微信Ji Chunwei, a criminal lawyer from Guangdong province, said t
he new rule is a big step forward in human rights protection in the judicial sector.
“The guideline will prevent situations in which some people were informe上海千花坊
d after their family members had been executed, which has happened before,” he said.
The guideline also clarifies some of the other legitimate rights of convicts on deat上海千花坊品茶微信
h row. It states that a local high court should inform the death penalty convict of the righ
t to hire a defense lawyer to help him or her in the penalty review process. Under current laws,上海千花坊品茶微信
all death sentences in the country must be reviewed by the Supreme People’s Court.
The defense lawyer can submit their findings or evidence either to the
local high court or directly to the top court, according to the guideline.
tions to a source of inspiration just like a person. When users type a word, Xiaoice could draw vastly diverging pictures in response to that word.
上海千花坊”We don’t know what surprises Xiaoice will bring us, and the unpredictability is the charm that attracts us,” Xu said.
This is not the first time that Xiaoice has created something. Started
as a chatting robot in 2014, Xiaoice has already been “talking” with more than 100 million上海千花坊女神会所
users, published two collections of poetry and released and composed dozens of songs.
上海千花坊All these endeavors have helped accumulate more than 5 million followers on a Ch
inese micro blog, as Microsoft continues to experiment with how AI can use emotional intelligence to se
rve as a companion for people and how AI can be used to imbue machines with “creativity”.上海千花坊
Elsewhere in the world, researchers and industry participants are
also experimenting with AI. In 2017, US singer Taryn Southern unveiled Breaking F
上海千花坊ree, a song composed and produced by an AI system developed by US startup Amper Music.
Last year, an AI-generated painting of Edmond Belamy became the firs
t of its kind to be auctioned at Christie’s. The artwork, created by computer algorithms de上海千花坊女神会所
上海千花坊veloped by French AI company Obvious, was sold for more than $430,000.
Just like Xiaoice’s paintings, such AI-generated work is based on
machine-learning models of artificial neural networks that resemble the human brain and ne上海千花坊
rvous system, which can study input materials and produce output in their own right.
上海千花坊女神会所When it comes to AI painting, a neural network that goes by the acronym GAN plays a ke
y role. GAN, which stands for generative adversarial network, creates the image pixel
by pixel. Like any other artist or designer, it produces both broad strokes and fine details in layers.上海千花坊女神会所
But as pioneering AI-generated works appear around the world, the tech companies and art critics are also addressing the fundamental question of
上海千花坊whether the images, poems or songs produced by their networks can be called art at all.
Qiu Zhijie, an artist and professor at China’s Central Academy of Fine Arts, said the answ
er depends on how originality in art is defined when machines are involved in creation.上海千花坊女神会所
“When nobody can tell the difference between paintings genera
ted by AI and those of humans, then we can regard AI’s work as original,” Qiu said.上海千花坊
Apparently, Xiaoice has already passed the test. In May, works produced by the drawing bot under the name Xiao Yubing were
上海千花坊女神会所submitted to the exhibition of postgraduates’ work at China’s Central Academy of Fine Arts. When Xiao Yubing
‘s paintings were presented beside those of humans, nobody realized they were generated by AI.
Lu Kang, after serving as chief of the Foreign Ministry’s Information Department and as a
上海千花坊品茶微信ministry spokesman since 2015, took the office of director-general of the ministry’s Department of N
orth American and Oceanian Affairs, according to the ministry’s updated website.
The ministry department Lu now serves handles affairs related to North American and O上海千花坊品茶微信
上海千花坊ceanian countries and regions, including the United States, Canada and Australia.
Lu undertook his new role at a time the relationship between Beijing
and Washington has been strained by economic and trade tensions.上海千花坊
The region’s affairs, particular those involving the US, are not ne
上海千花坊品茶微信w to Lu, as he worked as a deputy head of the regional department in 2010-2012.
His knowledge and work background with the US were further enhanced when
he was a minister at the Chinese Embassy in the United States from 2012-2015 – the last s上海千花坊
top before he led the information department and spoke to media on a regular basis in 2015.
上海千花坊品茶微信Born in 1968 in East China’s Jiangsu province, Lu started his diplomatic career with the first few of his posts, all part
of the Foreign Ministry’s agencies focused on international organizations and conferences.
He served as an attaché, then a third Secretaryat China’s Permanent Mission to the United Nations from 1996-1999.上海千花坊
Lu started serving the ministry’s Department of Arms Control and Disarmame
nt in 2001 before taking the role of counselor at the Chinese Embassy in Ireland in 2006-2008.上海千花坊品茶微信
The diplomat obtained a master’s degree in public policy after his study at the National University of Singapore in 2000-2001.
hinese tourists in Croatia will be in for a surprise
when they see police from their homeland patrolling the streets this summer.上海千花坊品茶微信
For the second year running, Chinese law enforcement officers will be jo
上海千花坊ining their fellow professionals in the popular Balkan tourist destination on the streets of the
capital Zagreb, the historic walled city of Dubrovnik, tourist resort Zadar and Croatia’s biggest county, Lika-Senj.
Croatia has been running the Safe Tourism Season project since 2006 when officers from Hungary became the first forei上海千花坊品茶微信
gn law enforcement officials invited to take part. Since then, more than 800 officers from 19 countries have come to assis
上海千花坊品茶微信t their Croatian counterparts at the height of the tourist season, undergoing special localized training before starting patrols.
In addition to the helpful presence of fellow Chinese officers on the s
treets, Chinese tourists will also be able to benefit from special telephone support line
s set up in the regions where the visiting police are deployed, with compatriots answering calls.上海千花坊
In 2018, there were six officers from China and this year there will be eight.
上海千花坊品茶微信Croatia, which was part of the former Yugoslavia, is proving an increasingly popular destination for Chinese visitors.
In the first half, there has been a 53 percent year-on-year rise in the number of Chinese vis
itors to the ancient Roman port of Split, and a 20 percent increase in numbers going to Zagreb.上海千花坊
“Chinese tourists are mostly interested in historical and cultural monume
上海千花坊nts and sightseeing,” said Zagreb Tourist Board spokeswoman Darja Dragoje.
International police organization Interpol has praised the Safe Tourism Season initiative as an example of the be
st international police practice, and China’s ambassador in Zagreb, Xu Erwen, said the inclusion of Chinese po上海千花坊品茶微信
lice in the project confirms the two countries’ traditional friendship and cooperation.上海千花坊
A generation on from the brutal war that broke out in the aftermath of the collapse of the for
mer Yugoslavia, the countries of the Balkan Peninsula are proving to be of increasing interest to China in a variety of ways.
With Tuesday’s victory, von der Leyen has become the first Germ
an commission president since Walter Hallstein served in that post from 1958 to 1967.上海千花坊女神会所
Juncker, also from the EPP, offered his congratulations on Twitter, saying: “This job is a
上海千花坊huge responsibility and a challenge. I am sure you will make a great President.”
European Council President Donald Tusk said in a tweet: “Congratulations [email protected] Congratulations Europe.”
Belgian Prime Minister Charles Michel, who will succeed Tusk on Dec 1, said on Twitter that h上海千花坊
e looked forward to cooperating closely with the institutions for the future of Europe. “Let’s work togeth
er in the interest of all Europeans,” Michel said. The post included a photo of him shaking hands with von der Leyen.
上海千花坊女神会所Von der Leyen, a mother of seven, had the backing of her own EPP as well as the cent
er-left Socialists and Democrats and the liberal Renew Europe party, the three major pol
itical forces in the European Parliament. But many of the members also vowed to vote against her.上海千花坊
The Greens and some left-wing and right-wing parties were the most vocal in opposing her nomination.
Ska Keller, co-leader of the Greens, offered her congratulations after the announcement of the vote result. But in a tweet af
上海千花坊女神会所ter von der Leyen’s opening speech in the morning, Keller said: “Nice speech by @vonderleye
n. But beyond nice words, nothing concrete on #climate, #searescue, #ruleoflaw, #leadcandidates. How exactly is she pla
nning to put the words into action? Concrete proposals would have been good.”上海千花坊
During the morning speeches, many members of the European Parliament delivered scath
ing remarks about von der Leyen, challenging her in everything from clim
上海千花坊女神会所ate change and defense to Brexit and the divide between Eastern and Western Europe.
Monika Vana, an Austrian MEP of the Greens, blasted von der Leyen’s argument for more military spending. “A majori
ty of the EU citizens do not see defense as a priority; they see health, environmental issues上海千花坊女神会所
and education as a priority. That’s what this majority of citizens wants,” she said.
To explore further the challenges and huge opportunities in this area, the Novartis Fou
ndation and Microsoft are co-chairing a new Broadband Commission working group that will m上海千花坊
ake recommendations regarding how AI can safely improve health and strengthen healthcare systems. In a sim
上海千花坊品茶微信ilar vein, health-advocacy organization PATH is working with the Tanzanian government to test machine-lea
rning applications that promise to predict demand for vaccines more accurately and optimize their delivery.上海千花坊
Digital health tools that inform and empower patients can also play a crucial role in p
reventing disease. Simple, existing, cost-effective technology, such as mobile phones and broadband, can ma上海千花坊品茶微信
ke a huge difference in raising awareness of the causes and early symptoms of diseases. PATH and the No
上海千花坊vartis Foundation, for example, are collaborating on the Communities for Healthy Hearts program in Vietnam, w
hich uses digital technology to improve and accelerate control of hypertension－the leading cause of heart disease.
Finally, digital technology can help to deliver healthcare to people in remote or und上海千花坊品茶微信
erserved areas, thereby tackling one of the greatest obstacles to reducing disease. Using
mobile phones, WhatsApp, and text messages can improve the quality and accessibility of care for millions of people. In this re上海千花坊品茶微信
gard, the Novartis Foundation and PATH have introduced telemedicine in Ghana, which connects rural inhabitants wi
th trained healthcare professionals, and digital dashboards that enable better, faster malaria care.上海千花坊品茶微信
Digital data must be made part of health systems
Digital data and technology must be fully integrated into national health systems, and should become as essential as hos
pital beds. Too many digital health pilot programs over the past decade have been uncoordinated and focused on sing上海千花坊
le issues. Leadership from national governments is therefore critical to ensuring a coherent approach.
Fortunately, global and country-led efforts are starting to move in this direction. Earlier this year, for example, the D上海千花坊品茶微信
emocratic Republic of the Congo established its first digital health agency, with the aspiration of improving ma
nagement of the healthcare system, providing better care, and making services more accessible.
We can solve the global health crisis and achieve universal coverage, but only by making
digital tools central to all countries’ health systems. No single organization can achieve this on its own: we
need the public, private and social sectors to work together. In fact, the goal must be to make these new technologies s
o widespread that we no longer need to refer to “digital” health, because that is what all health systems will be.
Ann Aerts is head of the Novartis Foundation, and Steve Davis is president and CEO of the Seattle-based intern
ational nonprofit organization PATH. Project Syndicate
The views don’t necessarily reflect those of China Daily.
ecent annual gathering of the World Health Assembly in Geneva expressed worry and optimi
sm in almost equal measure. Delegates at the assembly－the decision-making body of the World He上海千花坊
上海千花坊女神会所alth Organization－likened the scope of the world’s health crisis to that of the threat posed by climate change. They also ag
reed, however, that digital technology and data will play a crucial role in accelerating efforts to achieve health for all.上海千花坊
In many respects, the world’s health has improved markedly in recent decades: average global life expectancy has incr
eased by more than five years, while childhood mortality has declined by more than 50 percent since 1990. Yet half the wo上海千花坊
rld’s population still lacks full access to basic health services, and health-related expenses drive roughly 100 m
上海千花坊女神会所illion people into poverty every year. The problem is particularly severe in low-and middle-income countries, where the fin
ancial burden of the four most frequent non-communicable diseases alone (cardiovascular disease, cancer, dia
betes and chronic respiratory diseases) is expected to surpass $7 trillion from 2011 to 2025, according to WHO.上海千花坊
At the same time, the world is just beginning to recognize the potential of digitally enhanced data to improve health. With increased use of digital tech
上海千花坊nology, we can help people stay healthy, rather than waiting for them to get sick. We can make reactive healthcare s
ystems proactive and－thanks to artificial intelligence (AI)－even predictive.
Most cost-effective way to meet health-related SDGs上海千花坊女神会所
In our view, digital health is the most efficient, cost-effective way for the world to meet the United Nations Sustainable Develo
上海千花坊pment Goals’ health-related targets－particularly universal health coverage, whereby everyone can access the q
uality care they need without incurring financial hardship. This is also a high priority for WHO, which earlier this
year created a Department of Digital Health and published its first set of guidelines on the subject.上海千花坊
With several major global strategy-setting meetings ahead, including the UN High-Level Meeting on Universal Health Co
上海千花坊女神会所verage in New York in September, the world must act now to realize the promise of digital health. We see three dist
inct opportunities for cross-sectoral partnerships: in prediction, prevention and healthcare delivery.
Understanding－and, where possible, predicting－the health profile of populations is integral to providing better上海千花坊女神会所
care. Digitalized data collection, including through the use of AI and machine learning, can help healthcare sys
tems to detect risk factors in advance and respond quickly to prevent disease. Real-time data can inform planning and re
source-allocation decisions, reduce costs, and improve the overall quality of care. Better
processes for ensuring data security and privacy are also essential to implement predictive systems at scale.
the US administration is likely to use more often – are not so bright. Last month, a US judge found three large Ch
inese banks in contempt of court for refusing to produce evidence for an investigation into violations of sanctions aga上海千花坊
inst the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea. The ruling ignores the fact that, according to Chinese law, any request for ba
上海千花坊品茶微信nking records should be handled in accordance with the US-China mutual legal assistance agreement.
Chinese financial institutions thus need to prepare for more troubles, including the risk of being blacklisted – that is, deprived of the right to u
se the US dollar and important services, such as the Society for Worldwide Interbank Financial Telecommunication financial m上海千花坊
essaging service and the Clearing House Interbank Payments System. It is a punishment few companies can survive.
上海千花坊品茶微信Already, one Chinese bank has been included on the Correspondent Account or Payable-Through Acc
ount Sanctions list, meaning that it cannot open correspondent or payable-through accounts in the US.
Make more efforts to internationalize yuan上海千花坊
The Chinese government has few options here, but it can step up legislative efforts to protect Chinese banks’ interests, while encour
上海千花坊品茶微信aging Chinese financial institutions to treat compliance with US financial regulations with the utmost c
are. It should also continue working to internationalize the yuan, as there is still a long way to go on this front.
China remains committed to its 40-year-old process of reform and opening-up. Today, that process must focus on redoub
ling efforts to strengthen intellectual property rights protection, adhering to competitive neutrality and de上海千花坊品茶微信
fending multilateralism. But following through on this commitment will require China to find ways to manage escalating ten
上海千花坊sions with the US and avoid a costly – and potentially devastating – reconfiguration of the global economy.
The author, a former president of the China Society of World Econo
mics and director of the Institute of World Economics and Politics at the Chinese Aca上海千花坊品茶微信
demy of Social Sciences, served on the Monetary Policy Committee of the People’s Bank of China from 2004 to 2006.
Heritage Administration and Sichuan University in 1996 and he later published a series of relevant academic papers followi
ng research in the west of Tibet. His son David also nurtured his passion for archaeology during that time.上海千花坊
“One step follows the other, and we’ve kept going,” he sm
上海千花坊品茶微信iles. “We’re still ‘amateurs’, but it’s good to see David turn into a real professional.”
Strategy is helping institutions achieve better rankings at home and abroad
A veteran of such US universities as the University of Chicago and Yale University has become the first foreigner appointed by a Beij上海千花坊
ing university to a management position since the reform and opening-up policy was launched in 1978.
上海千花坊David Zupko was recently appointed deputy director of Tsinghua University’s global cooperation
and communication office after working at different universities in the United States for more than 20 years.
In 2017, when he was asked by the National Cultural Heritage Ad上海千花坊品茶微信
ministration if he would consider exhibiting his family collection in China, he agreed.
His sentiment was echoed by Wang Xudong, the then director of the Dunhuang Academ上海千花坊
y, who spent over a year contacting institutions abroad and around China to contribute to the exhibition.
上海千花坊品茶微信The Pritzker Art Collaborative brought 35 artifacts to the exhibition in Dunhuang. It is joined by key Chin
ese institutions, such as the National Museum of China, the Palace Museum and the Shaanxi History Mus
eum in Xi’an, as well as several other major overseas collections, including the Al Thani Collection owned by the Qatari ru上海千花坊
ling family, the State Hermitage Museum in St. Petersburg, and Hirayama Ikuo Silk Road Museum in Japan.
Abegg-Stiftung, a Swiss collection that mainly features textiles, dropped its “zero l上海千花坊品茶微信
oan policy” for the exhibition, opting in favor of cultural exchange and supplying 16 artifacts to the exhibition.
A hanging brocade with roundel featuring a pair of stags locking horns, on loan from Abegg-Stiftung, is one of the m
ost important exhibits on display. It is believed to have been hung as decoration in the tents of Tubo nobles as a symbol of power.上海千花坊品茶微信
“The Silk Road carries a message for all of us today,” Thomas Pritzker says. “The world will
always have problems … Yet each culture has its own history and values, which are unique.
“If we learn more about another country’s culture, it will be easier to find ways to solve these problems,” he says.
Tubo culture are still at an early stage.”We’ve only revealed the tip of the iceberg,” he says. “This exhibition is not so muc
h designed to come up with answers, but rather to raise more questions.”上海千花坊女神会所
From his point of view, further achievements in the field will require more solid support from archaeologists.
上海千花坊Pritzker, 36, who received his PhD from the University of Oxford with a f
ocus on the early textual history of Tibet, first came to the mountains of the Himalayas at
just 4 years old. With his parents, he spent a large part of his childhood living in Nepal.上海千花坊女神会所
For him, this exhibition represents a long-held family dream that has finally come true.
The Pritzker family from Chicago is famed for its achievements in entrepreneurship an上海千花坊
d philanthropy. It funds the Pritzker Architecture Prize, one of the world’s leading architecture awards.
上海千花坊David’s parents Thomas and Margot Pritzker first came to the Hi
malayas in 1975 and soon became “addicted” to the place. Since then, the couple has made frequ
ent treks through the mountain ranges there. They first visited the Tibet autonomous region in 1981.
“When we started, the (ancient) Greek and Roman cultures and Renaissance were really上海千花坊女神会所
well understood in the West, and there was no new ground to be broken,” Thomas Pritzker, 69, tells China Daily.
“But here we discovered a lot of new ground to cover,” he sa
上海千花坊女神会所ys. “Tubo studies were in their infancy then, and we could do things that are really exciting.”
In recent years, studies of the Reshui site, a Tubo graveyard in Dula
n county, Qinghai province, have offered scholars a clearer picture of the communication betw上海千花坊
een Tang and Tubo peoples. Gold plaques unearthed from the site are also on show at the exhibition in Dunhuang, acc
o上海千花坊女神会所rding to Luo Wenhua, a researcher from the Palace Museum in Beijing and also one of the curators of the exhibition.
By comparison, studies of burial sites in Ngari offer a more global perspective through its links with other civilizations outside of China.上海千花坊
“However, these regions are on the frontiers of the Tubo regime,” Luo says. “Details of t
he rulers’ lives still largely remain a mystery due to a lack of archaeological evidence.上海千花坊女神会所
“It’s interesting for David and I to discuss where the exhibits first origin
ated,” he says. “That will trigger a great deal of inspiration for joint studies.”